Woodcock Hill, Sandridge
St Albans Hertfordshire, AL4 9EB
01727 850 576
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At Sandridge School, geography lessons will focus on providing the skills and knowledge required to excel as a young person in education and in life. From local investigations to understanding global concepts, everything big, small, and in between will be explored through engaging activities.

Sandridge geographers will learn how to navigate increasingly complex maps and build their confidence in locating key features. Pupils will learn to research, investigate, and evaluate a number of geographical matters that will affect their lives in the future. By covering the National Curriculum in an exciting manner, Sandridge pupils will have the opportunity to learn about a large range of topics and broaden their knowledge of the world.

Beginning their geographical journey in Early Years, children are given a wide range of opportunities to succeed at Understanding the World around them. Classes regularly celebrate culture and diversity linking into RE. Often different languages are spoken and stories from different cultures, including from children within the class, shared to broaden their knowledge of the world. Diwali, Chinese New Year and Bonfire Night plus many other events are utilised to spark discussion and activities. Looking outside the window, seasonal changes are observed through activities focussing on the animals that enjoy those conditions. Literacy is enriched by children and staff’s anecdotes about holidays, cultures and experiences. Sandridge pupils will all have the opportunity to present their Marvellous Me box. This often features objects from trips they have been on and their culture. The children will discuss the weather outside and the changes throughout the seasons. After time away from school, holiday news is the topic of conversation: Where did they go? How did they travel? What was the weather? What did they see?

In Key Stage One, children will begin to explore the UK’s place in the world. They will learn the names of continents and oceans alongside developing a geographical vocabulary. Each continent will be investigated and key features discussed. Classes will develop an understanding of human and physical features and how they affect our lives. Moving into Year Two, pupils will learn about farming and how the climate can influence a farmers choices. They will begin an exciting safari journey and compare the variety of cultures within Kenya. Carrying on their journey into South America, Ecuador will be researched including the animals that are found there.

Building on their existing skillset, Lower KS2 children will continue to utilise maps, aerial photographs and compasses to aide their learning. Learning about countries in each continent, pupils will have the opportunity to explore a variety of countries across the globe. This will link into their knowledge of climate zones and where different climates should be found around the globe. Year Three will move on to understanding where their food has come from and look back at their previous farming knowledge, especially the affect a climate has on food production. Beginning to learn more about processes, these concepts will be explored in the context of the desert. Using a wide range of sources, including graphs, charts and maps, pupils will investigate the human uses of deserts around the globe. Focussing on a more local scale but comparing it to places around the world, Year Four develop an understanding of settlements and their growth over time. Applying geographical knowledge to the modern day, pupils will relate the climate and landscape to the industries that thrive around Britain. In the Summer Term, they will complete a local fieldwork investigation on the school grounds; recording, analysing and evaluating data.

As they move into Upper KS2, pupils utilise their prior learning and delve into more complex geographical concepts. Initially securing their knowledge of the UK’s human and physical features, Year Five will investigate settlements and use a variety of sources to identify landmarks. Utilising both political and climate maps, they will analyse a range of South America’s key features, linking it back to the UK wherever possible. The Andes will be used as a case study and they will secure their knowledge about all things tectonic plates. In Year 6, students will focus on identifying where places of extreme temperature are located. They then begin to learn about the layers of the earth’s atmosphere and the weather that occurs in the troposphere. Building on knowledge from previous years, the class will identify the range of different settlements and learn about their purposes changing over time. They will study the UK’s exports and research why the UK has such different climates despite being a small island. Moving onto their final topic, pupils will learn the countries, capitals and location of major features of North America. They will use their knowledge of the local area to compare with places in North America and generate discussion around the human and physical features.

Geography Curriculum Overview

Geography Vocabulary

Geography Spiral Map